Electric vs Diesel £
Here's a real world comparison of Electric vs Diesel van.
(Kangoo ZE Van vs Berlingo Van)
Assuming the following -
- Not VAT registered.
- Mileage 9000 miles @battery lease £58.80/m or £706/year.
- Diesel £1.32p/Litre.
- Electricty 6p/kWh.
- MPG figures skewed by both vehicles having lots of gear ( roof rack, ladders, tools ect ) on board.
EV's are faster even though they are slower.
Although the Kangoo ZE is 0-60 is 16.5 seconds and diesel version is 16s
To get that 16s you've got to scream the nuts off the engine and time the gear changes to perfection. Where as in the ZE, effortlessly putting your foot down is the norm, you will regularly achieve "fast" acceleration without even trying.
RANGE - Its OK - REALLY!
Vans have improved in range Now the Nissan eNV220 40kWh has a realistic 150mile range with fast charging.
The New Kangoo 30kWh has a real range of 110.
DAILY milage requiremnets are what matters here !
Starting the day with 65 miles range isnt what you're used to but its very unlikely the average white van man will go over this in one day.
Do you need fast charge ?
If you only have slow charge capabilty on your vehicle you would be unlikeley to go over 12,000 miles a year as you cant have a regular 5 hour lunch break charge up.
Typical daily milage might work out like this 50 miles a day x 5 days x 47 weeks = 11,750 miles per year.
If your vehicle has a fast charge option, a 30min fast charge lunch break is posible but you'll have to plan your stops ahead.
More expensive to buy but
Half the running costs
Further cost savings could be made by charging up on a variable rate tarif such as -
Green Energy Tide Tariff
Or charging from your own solar panels.
If you own the battery outright instead of leasing this could be another major saving knocking another £705.60 of your running costs.
Usually every 25,000 miles or every 2 years in this example and this will be just brakes and tyres, no oil, oil filter exhaust pipes falling off. Renault break down assist (which is in with your battery leasing ) is as good as having AA Road side assistance cover so theres another saving.
These two spreed sheets show running cost over a year in the UK and US.
As you can see the UK has much more TAX on fuel than the US. Ive left out US battery leaseing and road tax till i get some data.
Electric vs Diesel CO2
Fossil fuel and CO2
It takes 4.5 kWh of electricity just to refine one gallon of fuel. A Nissan Leaf will do 30 miles on this alone.
Oil has to be prospected for and once found,
It takes 1 barrel of oil to get 2 barrels of oil out of the ground.
This then has to be transported in a lorry @ 4 mpg.
Shipped in an oil tanker @ 28ft / gallon.
Then transported again @ 4 mpg.
Before it's put into the vehicle and burned producing even more CO2 at the exhaust pipe.
Working out the total CO2 is going to be tricky but its a lot more than tail pipe emissions.
If you burn a gallon of diesel this will produce 12 kgs of carbon dioxide at the tail pipe.
1 gallon of crude takes 0.5 gallon to get out of the ground
:- 12 kgs * 1.5 = 18kgs
1kWh produces 0.5 Kgs CO2
Refine you gallon 4.5 kWh X 0.5 = 2.25 kg CO2
Add transportation best guess 0.2 kgs = 20.45 kgs CO2/gallon of Diesel
How big are CO2 emitions ?
In the example shown, ever year the Diesel van will produce 4 tonnes or 2225 m3 of CO2 .
We cant see it ! What does it look like ?
THIS MUCH !
Multiply by all UK vehicles
= 520,000,000 Tones
CO2 baged up 1 minutes worth
EV's and CO2
EV's run on electricity which is produced by burning coal which is a dirty fuel right ? Well no not nessesarly -
Low carbon electricity’s is now 45.3% of the total UK production of electricity (2015). Of which 23.5% is renewable.
Switch to a 100% renewables tariff and for aproximately £200 extra a year more than the regular tariff you can drive arround with a halo on virtually CO2, polutant and nuclear free and still be £650 better off.
By converting to an EV, CO2 will be reduced to 30% of Diesel on standard electricity and nearly 100% on an all renewables contracts.
Role on the carbon Tax !
Drive an EV on a GREEN TARIFF ! and emit
4 tonnes less CO2 pa